Objective: To determine the prevalence of overactive bladder (OAB) among female employees at the Department of Obstetric and Gynaeco- logy in Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital and to understand the tendency of some risk factors that could cause OAB such as age, parity, previous delivery mode, menopause, obesity, and previous hystorgof hysterectomy.
Design/data identification: Observational study with cross sectional approach.
Material and method: 250 samples of female employees were col- lected from the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Cipto Ma- ngunkusumo hospital. All of them were randomly chosen from those who fulfilled the inclusion criterias, without limitation of age. All of the sam- ples who had OAB symptoms (e.g urgency, frequency, nocturia, with or without urge incontinence) underwent urinalysis and physical examina- tion. Urinary diary had been taken to prove the OAB symptoms if the urinalysis was within normal limit. The term OAB is appropriate if there is no proven infection or other obvious pathology.
Results: Among two hundred and fifty samples, there were 86 sam- ples (35.6%) of urinary incontinence and there were 66 samples had had OAB symptoms (e.g urgency, frequency, nocturia, with or without urge incontinence) according to The International Continence Society (ICS) in 2002. The mean age of subjects were 40.8 with the youngest was 20 years old and the oldest was 65 years old, which most of them were in age group 40 - 49 years (36%). All of the subjects who showed OAB symptoms had underwent urinalysis for detecting the presence of bac- teriuria, pyuria, glycosuria, and hematuria. Within the sixty-six samples there were 40 samples (60.6%) who had normal urinalysis, 21 samples (31.8%) were glycosuria, and 5 samples (7.5%) were urinary infection. And after being confirmed by urinary diary and physical examination, there were only 39 respondents who had really had OAB symptoms with normal urinalysis and normal physical examination. Among these female employees, the prevalence of OAB was 15.6% and 12.4% was OAB with SIU (mixed type). And there were the tendencies for being OAB at increasing of age, parity, previous delivery mode, menopause status, obesity, and previous hysterectomy.
Conclusion: The prevalence of OAB among female employees at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in Cipto Mangunkusumo hos- pital was 15.6%. There were the tendencies for being OAB at increasing of age, parity, previous delivery mode, menopause status, obesity, and previous hysterectomy.